Cooling Solutions for Hot Factories
By Debashish Roy Choudhury AVP, ARCTIC Division, DRI | Added 29 July 2022
Industrial Evaporative Cooling emerges as the most suitable option for providing cooling solutions in a factory
Evaporative Cooling is highly preferred by the factory settings for its economical cooling solutions. Considering that factories are involved in the mass manufacturing of products, they inherently encompass large space. It is coupled with complex structures for allowing the critical processes within the premises. Factories are home to heavy machines for carrying out all the critical processes like design specification, parts assemblage, raw materials processing, and execution of various crucial processes. Consequently, a lot of heat is generated within the premises which can have a damaging effect on the quality of the end product. Along with this, heat creates an uncomfortable environment leaving unsuitable conditions for work.
This highly meddles with the productivity of employees as heat leads to discomfort among them accounting for reduced accuracy. Given that cooling such a large space becomes tricky, the owners/ managers are always on the lookout for a comprehensive cost-effective cooling solution that accommodates the various aspects of a factory setting. It is very important to control the high temperatures as it can also damage the equipment over a period of time. But opting for an air conditioning system is a highly expensive option. It involves a lot of challenges to install a large number of systems which only gets compounded with the high installation, operational, and maintenance costs levied on the company.
Hence, depending on the natural resources, evaporative cooling considerably brings down the running cost of the cooler. Moreover, the high saturation efficiency of the machine backed up with self-supporting, and highly adsorbent materials further reduces the load on the cooling capacity of the system. All the factors together reduce the power required by the fan which achieves the same level of cooling at par with the air conditioning system. Cumulatively, there is 80 percent less electricity consumption when compared to air conditioners. Therefore, the entire efficiency of the evaporative cooling solution drastically brings down the operational cost where the installation cost requires almost negligible investment when compared to the other alternatives present in the market.
Owing to its wide gamut of benefits, the innovative cooling solution finds application in a number of industries ranging from automotive, food, engineering, textile, plastics, and many more. Given the cool comfortable working conditions, it escalates the attention span and hence the accuracy of the employees. Additionally, it also reduces the risk of illness arising from the poor air quality within the space. Hence, evaporative cooling is the most ideal and economical solution for the factory setup. Scaling the efficiency brand like ARCTIC comes with a deep understanding and expertise in duct designing, specially designed cooling pads, exhaust design systems for stale hot air displacement, and allowing cool fresh air to be introduced effectively and economically. (The author is AVP, ARCTIC Division, DRI)
Why is Evaporative Cooling Economical for factory setup?
By Debashish Roy Choudhury AVP, ARCTIC Division, DRI | Added 19 July 2022
Factories are inherently complex structures for carrying out the manufacturing of products. It is characterised by large space with heavy machinery for various critical processes entailing design specification, the assemblage of parts, processing of raw materials, and executing other crucial operations as well. As a result, a lot of heat is generated within the space. Given the complicated nature of activities taking place, which can negatively impact the quality of end-products and at the same time create an uncomfortable environment that meddles with the working efficiency of the employees.
As the heat problem can effectively reduce the comfort, productivity, and accuracy of the employees, it can in turn affect the profitability of the company. Hence, there is a need for quality air solutions to curtail the impact of high temperature within the premises of the factory. But given the large space, arranging for suitable air solutions is very tricky. The option of air conditioning is ruled out as it is very challenging to install a large number of systems and the installation, operational, and maintenance costs posed by the system can put a lot of pressure on the financial front of the company.
Here, industrial evaporative cooling emerges as a suitable solution for meeting the demanding requirement of factory setup. It is adept at providing cooling solutions for large spaces in the most economical way with the help of factory cooling systems. The technology is effective throughout warm and tropical weather conditions.
The approach is very simple where it makes use of 100 percent natural fresh air from ambient surroundings and at the same time makes sure to continuously supply oxygen and cool down the large factory space in the most environment-friendly way. It effectively brings down the temperature by 10-12°C with the simple mechanism of drawing-in hot, dry air that is filtered and cooled through the water-saturated cooling pads. As a result, water evaporates by initiating the formation of cooling vapor. While ensuring a continuous supply of fresh air, the evaporative coolers not just cool down the large space but due to positive pressure also help in eliminating the stagnant air that inhibits the growth of viruses and bacteria. Therefore, its role goes beyond reducing the temperature within the factory premises and plays an instrumental part in improving the indoor air quality by removing fumes, odour, carbon dioxide, and other airborne impurities along with the inbuilt dust from the space. Consequently, the rate of illness occurring from bad air quality is curbed substantially.
It is the most energy-efficient solution, as it makes use of natural sources that invariably bring down the running cost of the system. Additionally, the coolers are self-supporting and backed up with highly adsorbent materials helping in high saturation efficiency that further contributes to the superior performance of the system. Given all the advantages, industrial evaporative cooling utilizes less fan power to achieve the same level of cooling that is provided by air conditioners. Also, it consumes 80 percent less electricity which drastically reduces the operational costs of the machines. Adding on to the already existing list of benefits, the installation costs also require small investments. Working with an established brand like ARCTIC for all your quality air requirements will provide you the comfort, trust, and a tension-free cooling solution. The decades of knowledge and expertise in duct designing, cooling pads, exhaust systems, etc. across diversified applications is what you get complimentary along with the product.
As a whole, this innovative cooling solution is adept at providing cool comfortable working conditions in the critical factory setup across a wide range of industries like automotive, food, engineering, textile, plastics, etc. This majorly contributes to enhancing the productivity of the employees who in the hot and stuffy conditions would have been unable to concentrate and deliver incompetent work due to the reduced accuracy in their performance. Consequently, there is a positive impact on the revenue generation of the company which makes evaporative coolers ideal and the most economical solution for factory cooling.
Recognizing Poor Indoor Air Quality Menace with the Onset of Summers
With low pangs of summers already being felt, people will be more prone to spend time indoors to beat the heat outside. There will be many who will be taking a sigh of relief thinking that now they will be free from the poor Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) menace prevalent during winters. But in reality, the issue of poor IAQ is a persistent issue all-round the year. It only gets worsened in summers with centralized air conditioning systems in the enclosed spaces that leave no space for the influx of fresh air and only stale air keeps circulating in the building.
The impact is felt even more starkly in industries like healthcare, construction, factories, hotels, airports, given to their packed, and complex structure that deteriorates the air quality within the premises. Moreover, these places often being huddled with large crowds compounds the problem.
As a result, there have been rising instances of ‘Sick Building Syndrome’ which is a serious threat to the health and overall wellbeing of the person. Additionally, the poor IAQ is also responsible for a wide range of issues like breathing problems, lethargy, pain in the eyes, and other long-term illnesses.
In order to arrest the issue, people need to be aware that the indoor air can easily get influenced by the outdoor air and is 10 times worse and more harmful because of restricted airflow in the enclosed area. It is not just the metropolitan cities that get affected but even the surrounding cities face the menace of poor indoor air quality.
Hence, highly efficient building management systems must be installed in centrally conditioned spaces such as office complexes, homes, malls, hotels, restaurants, auditoriums, and various other closed premises to not just deal with the contaminants/pollutants generated indoors but ensure that outdoor pollution like PM 2.5, PM10, VOCs as well other gaseous contaminants are not brought inside enclosed spaces through conditioning systems.
Understanding that the major cause of poor IAQ is the lack of clean fresh air in the buildings which only worsens with the presence of moisture, ensuring proper ventilation is the best solution to improve indoor air pollution. It dilutes the contaminated air indoors by utilizing the fresh air from outside. With the help of this approach, one can thoroughly clean the outside fresh air and introduce it into the building, maintaining positive pressure inside the building.
Here, HVAC&R systems are highly efficient in ensuring proper ventilation and are backed up with a wide range of advantages. It not just renders acceptable indoor air quality but also provides thermal comfort in the enclosed space. The system employs advanced desiccant technology that uses hygroscopic substances to suck moisture from the air in order to maintain the proper RH and cool down the indoor spaces. One of the primary benefits of this technology is that it tones down the air according to the requirement of the given space. The Energy Recovery systems ventilate the conditioned spaces without compromising on air conditioning load. Owing to this mechanism there is substantial reduction in the use of energy and utility costs.
Along with HVAC&R system installation, people must also be agile enough to adopt green building designs. Green Building Councils across the globe are playing a critical role in promoting awareness and certifying the importance of Indoor Air Quality in our day-to-day lives. The advanced buildings help in striking the right balance in the indoor air quality that does not compromise on the comfort of the people but at the same time coherently contribute to reducing the energy consumption of the building with the help of green products. These buildings are the most viable solution as it highly maintains proper relative humidity (RH) and prevents any growth of mold, mildew in the enclosed atmosphere.
With advanced systems in place and efficient air purifying systems, maintaining good indoor air quality, even in large spaces has become a cost-effective and doable affair.
IAQ literacy: A new angle in controlling the pollution holistically
Rahul Aeron, Assistant Vice President, Desiccant Rotors International | Construction Week | March 3, 2022
Over the years there has been much conversation around the alarming pollution levels in the air. From government policies to academics, huge steps have been taken to create awareness and curb the menace of pollution. But just countering the outdoor air pollution is not enough. The issue of poor indoor air quality (IAQ) has always been there and in recent years has emerged as a potential threat to human health. As people are highly conscious of outdoor air pollution it is time to focus on IAQ as well. It is potentially more detrimental than outdoor air pollution and to control the holistic issue of pollution it is equally imperative to counter the problem of poor IAQ just like the outdoor pollution.
As a large amount of time is spent indoors, quality IAQ containing breathable air, free from all pollutants adds to the higher quality of life by lowering risks associated with respiratory illness and also reducing the risk of chronic conditions. Poor IAQ has a damaging effect and can negatively impact health. Research has shown that people continuously exposed to a certain level of carbon dioxide have reduced cognitive performance by 50%. Health conditions like asthma, respiratory illness, throat, and nasal illness, coughing, scratchy throat, headaches, fatigue are common symptoms arising from poor IAQ. In certain cases, it can also lead to Sick Building Syndrome and complications of lung and heart conditions. Consequently, long-term exposure can be precursors of serious conditions. It may either exasperate the pre-existing conditions or may give rise to new health issues.
People might think that closing the windows and doors will protect them from pollution. But various elements within the closed premises deteriorate the air quality. There are various volatile organic compounds (VOCs) like synthetic building material, furnishing, cleaning supplies, aerosols, dust present in the building. They add to the pollutants already present in the air and meddle with the decision-making capacity and productivity of the person. In addition to this, the presence of humidity can further worsen the condition. It harbors mold and mildew responsible for the musty odor, condensation, and other conditions which are not visible to the eyes. The situation gets even worse in commercial and large buildings due to their complex structure and probability of being huddled with a large crowd of people.
This necessitates the removal of pollutants from the air for improved environmental benefits and public health. Here, ventilation can significantly lower the pollution level. But simply depending on natural ventilation will not give the desired results. They do not have enough power to move the air consistently. It also mixes the fresh air coming from outside with the contaminated indoor air and does not guarantee an air change rate.
Highly advanced ventilation is required. Mechanical ventilation systems must be installed for this purpose. It ensures a steady flow of fresh air throughout the building. It not just removes the stale indoor air but filters pollutants coming in from the outdoor air. An Energy Recovery Ventilator in the air conditioning system can provide a simple solution to all ventilation issues. The system improves IAQ by ventilating the space and flushing out harmful pollutants.
All this is done while being highly conscious of energy. There is minimum wastage of energy as the system utilizes waste heat of exhaust air to cool the incoming air. The ERV plays an instrumental role in saving energy which reduces the operational costs of HVAC systems. It is efficient enough to ventilate even the conditioned spaces without compromising on the air conditioning load.
The detrimental consequences of poor IAQ necessitate IAQ literacy at every stage of life as it affects each and every one, irrespective of age and place. Proper knowledge can better help people to be aware of the inherent threat lingering inside the building and deploy the necessary technologies to combat the effect of poor IAQ.
Bry-air And DRI bring about education unification ahead of International Day of Education
Bry-Air | Sucess Insights India | January 22, 2022
Ahead of the International Day of Education to be observed on the 24th of January, Bry Air and DRI, the flagship companies under the Pahwa Group bring about the unification of providing quality education to children and improving the employability of youth through skill development programs.
Under the initiative of the Education program, the companies have been working relentlessly throughout the pandemic to ensure seamless continuity of learning. They have provided the students with laptops and tablets which helped them to pursue their education without any hindrance during the lockdown. Looking at the disruption due to immobility, they switched to digital mode through Gyantantra Digital Dost that connected approximately 400 students together.
Bry-Air and DRI along with their NGO partner, Literacy India have adopted a few learning centers to provide free-of-cost education to underprivileged children. Operating as Bry-Air Pathshala and DRI Pathshala in Dharam Colony and Carterpuri village respectively, the centers facilitate holistic child development by stimulating a healthy and secure learning environment. The centers create a primary school environment conducive for non-school-going children and have been operational since 2011 and 2014 respectively. The centers come with the backup of a computer lab, a library and support the students with learning aids such as books, stationery, etc. They also conduct remedial classes for school-going children who are weak in their studies.
Bry-Air and DRI are also providing various skill development courses in diversified fields (like Electrician Training, Computer Training, Spoken English, Beautician and Tailoring) for the youths in Gurugram, Udaipur and Moga for their gainful employment. The youth (including the women workforce) is provided training through DRI Udaan Skill Development Center for Computer Training, DRI Spoken English Course, DRI Udaan Skill Development Center Dr Mathra Das Pahwa Learning Center for Beauticians & Tailoring and Bry-Air Udaan Skill Development Center for Electricians etc.
To date, the initiative by the Pahwa Group has provided primary education to 6000+ children, scholarships to 100+ students, and has rendered 2000+ youth skilled in electronics, computer training, beautician, and tailoring and benefiting 700+ students from the library facility.
Speaking on the occasion, Anandita Pahwa, Head -CSR Initiative, Pahwa Group said, “We want to render a progressive society by imparting quality education to the underprivileged and securing a bright future ahead for the children and youth”